Concept of Coordination: Meaning, Features/Nature, Importance/Need, andCoordination as the Essence of Management

In this article we will discuss about Concept of Coordination: Meaning, Features/Nature, Importance/Need, and Coordination as the Essence of Management.


Coordination is also a very important function of an organization to perform various activities and it is not only important function but also an essence of Management.

According to Mooney and Reelay, “Coordination is orderly arrangement of group efforts to provide unity of action in the pursuit of common goals”.

According to Charles Worth, “Coordination is the integration of several parts into an orderly hole to achieve the purpose of understanding”.

Generally coordination means bringing together activities and resources of an organization and bring harmony in them.



    1. Unity of Efforts                                                                                                                                                Coordination always emphasis on organisation efforts  because these efforts cause damage to organisation. Every manager coordinate organisational activities and integrates different activities.


    1. Essence of Management                                                                                                                                Coordination is essence of management because it requires at every level of management and brings unity of action and integration at different level.


    1. Continuous process                                                                                                                                        Coordination is not ending process and not done for single time it is continuous process. Managers done continuously for achievement of organisational common goals.


    1. Pervasive function                                                                                                                                          Coordination is pervasive function because it required at all levels to perform different function in organisation for achievement of common goal.


  1. Managers Responsibility                                                                                                                               Coordination is not a function of individual, it is a function of all managers at all level to coordinate different activities for better performance.


1.Pursuit of common goal

2. Brings harmony


4.Functional differentiation


Coordination: The Essence of Management

    1. It is needed to perform all functions of management                                                                  Coordination is required for main and supportive plan in different departments of organisation.                                                                                                                                                   Coordination is required for organizing of  different resources.                                                         It is required for staffing, for directing and controlling function of organisation between standard and actual performance.


    1. It required at all levels                                                                                                                                    In top level coordination is required to integrates organisational activities.                                    In Middle level coordination required for balance of activities.                                                          In lower level it requires for integration of workers activities.


  1. It is the most important function of an organization                                                                              Coordination is the important function of an organisation because it integrates different activities of different departments and coordinate all activities and workings  of organisation.

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